Abnormal and often small size growths on the skin - papillomas - in fact are a serious threat to the human body. Besides the fact that papillomas violate the aesthetic appearance, they can also adversely affect health. Papillomas can degenerate into malignant tumors. There are many modern techniques for removing benign papillomas, including electrocoagulation. Electrocoagulation is a medical procedure that involves cauterizing soft tissues or removing benign growths through the use of an electrical current. The frequency and strength of the impact of the device controls directly the surgeon. On the device itself is placed a special electrode or loop to remove tumors.
The specifics of the procedure
The manipulation directly depends on the thickness, size and shape of the neoplasm. The doctor first conducts a comprehensive examination of the skin and selects the most convenient attachment, which implies a change in current strength and frequency during the procedure.
After the patient turned to a dermatologist or a surgeon with a request to remove the papilloma, doctors prescribe tests to determine the presence of contraindications, as well as the cause of the appearance of tumors. Especially to prepare for the procedure is not necessary, it is important to abandon for a few days from alcohol-containing beverages and from drugs that thin the blood.
Electrocoagulation is usually performed under local anesthesia. In case the affected area is very large, general anesthesia is administered to the patient. It should be noted that the procedure for children is also carried out under general anesthesia.
An incandescent electrode or loop affects the desired area of skin or mucous membrane. The tumor is completely burned out, changing the depth of the apparatus. It is important to remove the tumor completely. During the procedure, the doctor simultaneously conducts the coagulation of the capillaries of the dermis, which provided nutrition to the papillomas. Coagulation eliminates the possibility of infection.
After the procedure, the resulting wound is treated with a five percent antiseptic solution. All excised tissues are mandatory for histological examination, in order to make sure that the education is good.
Electrocoagulation is a completely bloodless procedure, after which the wound does not remain open, since an eschar immediately appears on the excision site, which under no circumstances (if there is no accumulation of pus) is removed.
Advantages and disadvantages of the procedure
Among the advantages of removing papillomas through the use of electrocoagulation are worth noting:
- one hundred percent efficacy, safety, in one session you can remove several tumors;
- the duration of removal of one papilloma is on average up to 5 minutes;
- The treatment is suitable for all skin types;
- the ability to control the depth and area of impact of the device;
- bloodless procedure that excludes the possibility of infection;
- has a relatively low cost.
But if it is wrong to choose the strength, frequency and duration of the electrical effect on the neoplasm, there is a risk of scarring and recurrence. If it is wrong to care for the damaged area after the operation, there is a possibility of pigmentation.
Persons with high skin sensitivity will feel uncomfortable pain for a long period of time. In total, the healing time is 10 days. If you compare with a laser - 5-7 days or by radio wave method - 2-3 days, then the healing takes a long time.
The procedure is strictly contraindicated in patients with individual intolerance to electric procedures or painkillers, hereditary or acquired bleeding disorders, acute infectious or somatic diseases.
The method is also dangerous for those who suffer from acute chronic diseases, the presence of a pacemaker, a malignant neoplasm, herpes in the active phase, skin diseases of an inflammatory type. You can not do the procedure during pregnancy or lactation.
The procedure is very carefully prescribed to patients with diabetes mellitus, as well as those who have a predisposition to the formation of keloid scars.
Wound care after the procedure
After the operation to remove the papillomas, a crust forms on the skin, which should disappear on its own in the process of wound healing. Mechanically removing the crusts may result in a relapse, scarring or pigmentation. A crust is a biological wound dressing that prevents infection. It is necessary to care for the wound properly.
Throughout the 10 days of the recovery period, until the eschar disappears on its own, the wound needs to be treated three times a day with a 5% solution of potassium permanganate or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is proper care and disinfection will not allow infection and the appearance of the scar.
It is not recommended to use soap, shower gels, a variety of cosmetics. It is important to try to eliminate contact of the wound with a tissue or other surfaces in order not to accidentally injure. No dressings with creams or solutions on the wound do not need to be applied.
With improper care, the following complications can occur in the form of suppuration, scarring or pigmentation, the development of a malignant tumor, the recurrence of a neoplasm.
If during the recovery period there is redness, severe pain, suppuration, fever, lethargy, loss of strength, then an urgent need to consult a doctor.