Additive E385 is a calcium-sodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The appearance of the substance is ordinary: a white powder that has good solubility in water. This product is widely used in many industries. E385 is an antioxidant that protects the food product from various kinds of oxidation, bitterness and color changes. The additive can be either a natural compound or chemically synthesized. Most often, it is added to various fat and oil emulsions (for example, in sauces, mayonnaise).
A substance of organic origin has the ability to bind metal ions (iron, copper, cobalt). This property is necessary for the conservation of mayonnaise; iron ions are always present in egg whites, which, without ethylene diamine tetraacetate (EDTA), can catalyze lipid oxidation reactions.
The substance itself can not be called useful, although it can not be called dangerous for health either. The concentration in mayonnaise is very small, so it will not be able to harm the body. However, products containing E385 are not recommended for young children.
Naturally, the main area of application of this food supplement is the food industry. Most often, E385 is added in the preparation of mayonnaise and other sauces, which include bird eggs. This additive prevents the start of the oxidation mechanism.
In many countries, this antioxidant is allowed in some products: margarine with a low fat content, in vegetables, mushrooms, canned food.
Also, the food supplement is popular with manufacturers of various soft drinks. The mixture of substances supplied with carbonated drinks turns into a very dangerous carcinogen - benzene. Its action is aimed at neutralizing ethylenediaminetetraacetate. Brewers also use the supplement. The substance is aimed at 2 tasks at the same time: it promotes increased foaming and prolongs the shelf life.
The second place in terms of the use of E385 is medicine. The composition of many drugs includes salts of heavy metals. These drugs are aimed at treating skin, ophthalmic and urological diseases. The accumulation of these metals (mercury dioxide, copper sulfates, zinc) in the liver or kidneys can cause severe poisoning.
Often, the additive E385 is also used in dentistry, it is used as anesthesia, as well as in the treatment of dental canals. In cosmetology, this substance is added to skin creams, shampoos and soaps.
This food supplement is allowed and widely used in many countries of the European Union, Canada, USA and Russia. The status of the E385 additive in Ukraine is not entirely clear.
Benefits and harms of supplements
It is worth noting that ethylenediaminetetraacetate is not absorbed by the human body and is eliminated from it in a natural way. If viewed from this perspective, it can be said that a food supplement is safe for human life and health. Manufacturers of various products assure that they add the substance in small quantities, which can not cause harm. The consumer can only take a word, because it is quite difficult for an ordinary person to check this information. If we really speak about a safe dose per day, then the food supplement E385 is allowed in an amount of not more than 2.5 mg per 1 kilogram of human body weight. Exceeding these standards can cause serious violations and problems in the human body. Possible metabolic disorders, allergies, anemia, chronic fatigue. If the synthetic additive did not manage to be eliminated from the body, then the salts of heavy metals remain in the liver, which can cause poisoning. It is very important not to exceed the permissible norm and not to abuse products containing the additive E385.